Having vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia or HPV infection can affect the risk of vulvar cancer.
Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will
; not having risk factors doesn't mean that you will
not get cancer. Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk. Risk factors for vulvar cancer include the following:
Tests that examine the vulva are used to detect (find) and diagnose vulvar cancer.
The following tests and procedures may be used:
and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking the vulva for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
Biopsy: The removal of samples of cells or tissues from the vulva so they can be viewed under a microscope
by a pathologist
to check for signs of cancer.
Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.